Third National Report of Belgium
|A c t i v i t i e s||Not implemented nor a priority||Not implemented but a priority||Currently implemented||Not applicable|
|Ecological assessment and monitoring of reefs||X|
|Socio-economic assessment and monitoring of communities and stakeholders||X||X|
|Management, particularly through application of integrated coastal management and marine and coastal protected areas in coral reef environments||X||X|
|Identification and implementation of additional and alternative measures for securing livelihoods of people who directly depend on coral reef services||X|
|Stakeholder partnerships, community participation programmes and public education campaigns||X||X|
|Provision of training and career opportunities for marine taxonomists and ecologists||X||X|
|Development of early warning systems of coral bleaching||X|
|Development of a rapid response capability to document coral bleaching and mortality||X|
|Restoration and rehabilitation of degraded coral reef habitats||X|
|Others (please specify below)||X|
Please elaborate on ongoing activities.
The Belgian part of the North Sea contains no coral reefs. Therefore, 'not applicable' has been ticked in relation to the Belgian marine waters.
b, c, e, f) activities ticked as 'currently implemented' are undertaken through cooperation activities by the Flemish Region. A specific post-graduate training programme for foreign students from tropical countries include aspects on coral reefs, mangrove and lagoon ecosystems.
158. Which of the following statements can best describe the current
status of marine and coastal protected areas in your country? Please use an
"X" to indicate your response.
a) Marine and coastal protected areas have been declared and gazetted (please indicate below how many) X
b) Management plans for these marine and coastal protected areas have been developed with involvement of all stakeholders X
c) Effective management with enforcement and monitoring has been put in place X
d) A national system or network of marine and coastal protected areas is under development X
e) A national system or network of marine and coastal protected areas has been put in place
f) The national system of marine and coastal protected areas includes areas managed for purpose of sustainable use, which may allow extractive activities X
g) The national system of marine and coastal protected areas includes areas which exclude extractive uses X
h) The national system of marine and coastal protected areas is surrounded by sustainable management practices over the wider marine and coastal environment.
i) Other (please describe below)
j) Not applicable
Further comments on the current status of marine and coastal protected areas.
a) Flemish Region: dunes in the coastal area are protected by Law. The two main Natura 2000 site complexes that have been designated, one SPA and one SAC for small parts overlapping, cover most of the natural areas in the coastal zone.
Three main sites are recognised as NGO nature reserve, for a total surface of about 74 ha. Eleven sites are recognised as nature reserves of the Flemish administration (Nature Division) with a total surface of 1,032 ha. There is of course also an overlap between the reserves and Natura 2000 sites.
b, c) Flemish Region: for the Natura 2000 sites, conservation objectives and management plans are being developed. Inventory and consultation of and communication with stakeholders is a key part of these plans. For recognised nature reserves, a management plan exists and is implemented, monitoring actions and reporting are included in these plans.
d) North Sea: the establishment of Marine Protected Areas is foreseen in the Law on the Marine Environment (so-called MMM law). A Royal Decree is in preparation.
f) Flemish Region: Natura 2000 sites are areas which aim to contribute to the maintenance of biodiversity in Europe but do not require the exclusion of natural resource use so long as it does not have a significant effect on the site's management. New extractive activities or developments within a site likely to have a significant effect on the site's management are subject to an appropriate assessment.
g) North Sea: the extraction of non-living resources is not allowed within MPA's. Fishery activities are not yet regulated within MPA's.
159. Is your country applying the following techniques aimed at
minimising adverse impacts of mariculture on marine and coastal biodiversity?
Please check all that apply.
a) Application of environmental impact assessments for mariculture developments
b) Development and application of effective site selection methods in the framework of integrated marine and coastal area management
c) Development of effective methods for effluent and waste control
d) Development of appropriate genetic resource management plans at the hatchery level
e) Development of controlled hatchery and genetically sound reproduction methods in order to avoid seed collection from nature.
f) If seed collection from nature cannot be avoided, development of environmentally sound practices for spat collecting operations, including use of selective fishing gear to avoid by-catch
g) Use of native species and subspecies in mariculture
h) Implementation of effective measures to prevent the inadvertent release of mariculture species and fertile polypoids.
i) Use of proper methods of breeding and proper places of releasing in order to protect genetic diversity
j) Minimising the use of antibiotics through better husbandry techniques
k) Use of selective methods in commercial fishing to avoid or minimise by-catch
l) Considering traditional knowledge, where applicable, as a source to develop sustainable mariculture techniques
m) Not applicable X
Further comments on techniques that aim at minimising adverse impacts of mariculture on marine and coastal biodiversity.
North Sea: there is currently no mariculture in Belgian waters.
The laboratory of Aquaculture (Ghent University) is involved in overseas projects to minimise environmental impacts of fish and shellfish hatchery activities (EU-INCO and Belgian cooperation projects).
160. Has your country put in place mechanisms to control pathways of
introduction of alien species in the marine and coastal environment? Please
check all that apply and elaborate on types of measures in the space below.
a) No X
b) Mechanisms to control potential invasions from ballast water have been put in place (please provide details below)
c) Mechanisms to control potential invasions from hull fouling have been put in place (please provide details below)
d) Mechanisms to control potential invasions from aquaculture have been put in place (please provide details below)
e) Mechanisms to control potential invasions from accidental releases, such as aquarium releases, have been put in place
f) Not applicable
Further comments on the current status of activities relating to prevention of introductions of alien species in the marine and coastal environment, as well as any eradication activities.
Belgium takes part in IMO and its related instruments such as the Convention on ballast water.
Please elaborate below on the implementation of this programme of work and associated decisions specifically focusing on:
a) outcomes and impacts of actions taken;
b) contribution to the achievement of the goals of the Strategic Plan of the Convention;
c) contribution to progress towards the 2010 target;
d) progress in implementing national biodiversity strategies and action plans;
e) contribution to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals;f) constraints encountered in implementation.
Federal:- FPSD I (2000-2004): in order to fulfil the international commitments related to the marine environment, an action programme integrated at Federal level will be set up to round off the measures already taken by the Regions and those they are still to take within their own areas of competence. The objectives of this action programme will include those determined at international level. This programme will cover, among other things, the implementation of the OSPAR strategies for (1) hazardous substances, (2) radioactive substances, (3) eutrophication, (4) the protection of ecosystems and biodiversity, and (5) offshore activities;
- FPSD II (2004-2008): action 20 (task force North Sea, coast guard).
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Last updated 14-09-2005
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