11. What is the relative priority afforded to implementation of this
Article and the associated decisions by your country?
b) Medium X
c) Low Fl.
12. To what extent are the resources available adequate for meeting the
obligations and recommendations made?
b) Adequate X
c) Limiting Fl.
d) Severely limiting
13. Is your country actively co-operating with other Parties in respect of
areas beyond national jurisdiction for the conservation and sustainable use of
a) bilateral co-operation X
b) international programmes X
c) international agreements X
Decision IV/4. Status and trends of the biological diversity of inland
water ecosystems and options for conservation and sustainable use
14. Has your country developed effective co-operation for the sustainable
management of transboundary watersheds, catchments, river basins and migratory
species through bilateral and multilateral agreements?
b) yes - limited extent (please give details below) X
c) yes - significant extent (please give details below)
d) not applicable
Decision IV/15. The relationship of the CBD with the CSD and
biodiversity-related conventions, other international agreements, institutions
and processes or relevance
15. Has your country developed management practices for transboundary
b) yes - limited extent (please give details below) Fl.
c) yes - significant extent X
d) not relevant
Decision V/21. Co-operation with other bodies
16. Has your country collaborated with the International Biodiversity
Observation Year of DIVERSITAS, and ensured complementarity with the
initiative foreseen to be undertaken by the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization and the Secretariat of the Convention on
Biological Diversity to increase scientific knowledge and public awareness of
the crucial role of biodiversity for sustainable development?
b) to a limited extent X
c) to a significant extent
Decision V/27. Contribution of the Convention on Biological Diversity to
the ten-year review of progress achieved since the United Nations Conference
on Environment and Development
17. Is your country planning to highlight and emphasize biological
diversity considerations in its contribution to the ten-year review of
progress since the Earth Summit?
b) yes X
Further comments on implementation of this Article
(13) CHM Partnership According to the idea of partnering role supported by
the CBD-Secretariat, Belgium is hosting for the necessary time the
Clearing-Houses for the Convention on Biological Diversity of non-webconnected
CHM National Focal Points (bch-cbd.naturalsciences.be/belgium/partner.htm).
The partnership activities started in 1998 with the request from the
Democratic Republic of Congo to develop and host their CBD CHM website. The
Belgian National Focal Point agreed and the server of the Royal Belgian
Institute for Natural Sciences (RBINS) is hosting this CHM since 1998. This
partnership was presented by the NFP of the D.R. Congo to other countries with
difficulties to develop a CHM. Since the launch of the first partner CHM
others have followed. At present, the Belgian NFP is hosting the CHM websites
of: Burkina Faso, the Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, the
Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Mauritania, Niger and the Republic of
Djibouti. The CHMs of Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Niger, and the Republic of
Djibouti are produced and maintained by the webmaster of the Belgian CHM. In
1999, the Belgian NFP received a request from Chad about the possibility of
webmaster training for the Chad CHM. In September 1999, a person from Chad
followed a month-long training provided by the Belgian NFP. As a result the
CHM of Chad was published on the web. The NFP of the Democratic Republic of
Congo received training during the month of July 2000. During this training,
the site of the Democratic Republic of Congo was modernised. These experiences
and similar requests from other countries showed the need for training of NFP
staff of African CHMs. Therefore the NFP developed a training programme to
enable the persons in charge of the CHM in their country to develop and
maintain webpages for their CBD-CHM. So far three training sessions of one
month each were given in 2000 and 2001 to people from Burkina Faso, Central
African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea,
Benin, Djibouti and Cameroon. A total of 10 people have received training
since the beginning of the partnership. Financing by the Department of
Development Co-operation has facilitated the partnership initiative and
training. A secondary goal of the training was the development and launch of
the national CHM website of the trainees. At this moment the sites of the
Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo,
and Guinea are developed and maintained by their respective CHM-NFP or the
trainee. The partnership initiative by Belgium is still the only active CHM
partnership with developing countries in the world. African countries are much
interested in this initiative, as was again emphasised during the 'African
regional meeting on Biosafety CH and CHM' at the UNEP Head Quarters in
Nairobi, Kenya from 26-28 February 2001. Following the two presentations on
partnership and training possibilities representatives of different countries
made requests for more information on these possibilities. Similar interest on
the Belgian initiative was also shown by Central and Eastern European
countries during the Pan-European workshop on 'Building the CHM partnership'
in Bonn, 28-29 September 2001. The Belgian CHM NFP participated to the 'Séminaire
régional sur la diversité biologique et les aires protégées en Afrique
centrale' (Cameroun, 17-21.09.2001) and presented the Belgian CHM partnering
role and the importance of information sharing. The CHM NFP of the D.R. Congo
participated to the 'Deuxième réunion régionale du programme de soutien à
la planification de la biodiversité pour l'Afrique de l'ouest et l'Afrique
centrale' (Ghana, 17-19.09.2001) and gave a presentation about the CHM of the
D.R. Congo and the role of the CHM partnership with Belgium.·
The Flemish Community: bilateral co-operation
1996: RUG-KUL-Universidad de Concepcion: Reconstruction, monitoring and
remediation on freshwater environments based on the use of biological
1999: RUG-VIB-University of Chile-Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas: The use of
the micro-array technique as a tool for gene expression analysis in molecular
1999: University Austral de Chile: Comparison of ecosystem functioning and
biogeochemical cycles in temperate forests in southern Chile and Flanders.
1998: RUG-VIB-Chinese Academy of Sciences-Institute of Botany: Biodiversity,
conservation and sustainable use of Lilium in China.
1999: KUL-RUG-Salt research Institute-Biology Department: Study of the
biodiversity of Chinese Artemia Strains and their possible application in
research and aquaculture.
2000: Belgian Landscape Foundation: Eco-model project 'Centro Neotrópico
Sarapiquis' - La Virgen de Sarapiquis.
1999: KUL-RUG-Hungarian Natural History Museum-Department of Zoology:
Biodiversity in temporary aquatic habitats: species richness and genetic
diversity in branchiopods.
1996: Institute for Forestry and Game Management: 'Selection and improvement
of fast growing tree species'.
1996: KUL-RUG-University of Wroclaw: Search for the most potent and protease
resistant peptides of particular insect species for eventual exploitation in
pest control measures.
1998: RUG-VUB-Agricultural University of Warsaw: Environmental river catchment
by natural or artificial wetlands.
2000: RUG-UA-VUB-Agricultural University of Warsaw: Ecological responses to
changing hydrological conditions in floodplains. Institute for Forestry and
Game Management: Study of the genetic diversity of the oak. Putting laboratory
facilities and means at a PhD-student's disposal.
1995: University Ghent: Marine biology.
1996: KUL-LUC-University Potchefstroom: Purification and characterisation of
natural toxins from scorpions living in southern Africa targeting ion channels
in humans and insects.
1996: University Ghent: feasibility study: Quality of education at the Botany
1996, 1998: University Ghent: Marine biology and nematology: tuition on
biodiversity of species and their habitats.1996: University Ghent: Bilateral
tuition project on plant biotechnology.
1997: RUCA-VUB-University Zululand: Comparative study of bioaccumulation and
effects of metals in mussels between a temperate and subtropical region: the
Scheldt estuary (Antwerp harbour-Flanders) and the Richards Bay Harbour.
1998: KUL-LUC-VUB-University of Stellenbosch: Neural networks and advances
methods for monitoring and control of flotation plants.
1998: RUG-VUB-University of Cape Town: Biodiversity studies on seaweed and
echinoderms in the transition between temperate southern Africa and the
tropical western Indian Ocean.
1998: University Ghent: Co-operation between the University of Ghent and the
University of the North (UNIN) in South-Africa in support of the post-graduate
course on biotechnology.
Ethno-botanical research is performed in Bolivia by the Ghent University in
co-operation with Ametrac (Bolivia).·
The Flemish Community: projects in the framework of international
agreements and programs, and multilateral co-operation
The Flemish Government Direction for Nature
Bonn Convention: Reintroduction of Sahara-Sahel antelopes in Northern
Africa - pilot project in co-operation with Tunisia.
Under AEWA agreement: Technical and financial support of the publication of
the Wader Atlas.
Under EUROBATS agreement: Technical and financial support for the
development and publication of brochures for awareness programme on bat
conservation in Eastern-European countries.
Bern Convention: Support for the development of the Emerald ecological
network in Eastern-European countries.
EU-Bird Directive: Financial support for the Conference Bird Census 2001,
especially for participation of Eastern-European delegates.
Institute for Forestry and Game Management
Under COST-action E4: European forest reserves research network (1996-1999)
(± 15 European countries), financing of meetings (2 per year).
Concerted action (PL97-3575): 'Indicators for monitoring and evaluation of
forest biodiversity in Europe' (1996-1999), financing of meetings and
publications by EU (AIR).
European Commission and ECE-ICP Forests of the UN: Forest Condition in
Europe, Pan-European, yearly financing.
ICP Forests: 'Forest Soil Expert Panel' (financing of meetings).COST-action
E12: 'Urban Forests and Trees' (1997-2002), 27 European countries, financing
COST-action E6: 'Eurosylva-Tree physiology' (1996-2000), 15 countries,
financing of meetings.
EUFORGEN: European Forest Genetic Resources programme. Steering Committee.
Financing meetings (every 4 year) (±20 European countries). Populus nigra
network (1 meeting per year). 'Noble Hardwoods'-network (1 meeting per year).
'Social hardwoods' network (1 meeting per year).
EC-AIR project: Inter-disciplinary research for poplar improvement (IRPI),
1993-1996 (Italy, France, UK, Luxembourg, Ireland).'Co-ordination for
conservation, characterisation, collection and utilisation of genetic
resources of European Elms'. (1997-2001), (France, Sweden, Germany, Italy,
Spain, Greece, UK).
EU-FAIR: 'Genetic diversity in river populations of European Black poplar
for evaluation of biodiversity, conservation strategies, nature development
and genetic improvement.'(1998-2001) (Netherlands, Spain, France, UK, Austria,
FAO: Afforestation, Forestry Research, Planning and Development in the
Three North Region (1996-1997), Partner China. Training of technicians and
making available the genetic material of the poplar (financing by DGIS).
Afforestation, Forestry Research, Planning and Development in the Three
North Region, Phase II (1998-2002), Partner China,
consultancy.FAIR5-QLRT-2000-00631: 'Improving Fraxinus (Ash)
productivity for European needs by testing, selection, propagation and
promotion of improved genetic resources' (2001-2004) (UK, France, Germany,
EU-LIFE project: 'Biological Indicator of Pisciculture Integration for the
Evaluation of the Ecological Quality of Lotic Systems' (1997 - 2000) (research
programme). This project has the objective to realise the development and the
standardisation of a fishing index for the global quality evaluation of all
watercourses within the hydrographical basin of the Meuse. Partners are The
Netherlands, the Walloon provinces, France.
EU-programme 'Studies in support of the common fisheries policy'. In the
framework of this programme, the Institute participates in a concerted action
'Management of European eel: Establishment of a recruitment monitoring system
(GLASS EEL)' (1/12/99 till 30/11/2001), in which 12 countries participate.
This project concerns the following sub-aspects with regard to the glass eel
research: development of a monitoring stations-network; international
standardisation of the monitoring methodology; development of data exchange
procedures; providing historical data; costs for meetings and publications.
Inter alia in the framework of dry- and sub-humid lands, the Ghent
University had or has co-operation projects with partners in Israel and Egypt
(i.a. germplasm collection of Pistacia spp.), Kenya (agroforestry &
ethnobotany), Togo (influence of dams on natural environment), Senegal
(vegetation modeling, ethnobotany), Morocco and Namibia (both ethnobotany).·
The Walloon Region: overview of ongoing projects
Wallonia contributes to the implementation of Article 5 of the CBD in
Europe a.o. through the following instruments: Pan-European Biological and
Landscape Diversity Strategy, the Bern Convention, the Bonn Convention, the
Ramsar Directive, the Habitats and Bird Directives of the EU, the Benelux
Bilateral co-operation with neighbouring countries (GD Luxembourg, France,
The Netherlands, Germany) does exist for the management of transboundary
protected areas, such as the High Fens Eiffel Natural Reserve with Germany and
the management of the Our Valley area together with Luxembourg and Germany in
the frame of the Benelux Convention and EU framework.
A project plan for the transboundary management of an ecological network
between GD Luxembourg and the Walloon Region is being developed. Joint actions
are also implemented with The Netherlands in the frame of Salmon
reintroduction in the river Meuse basin (project Salmon 2000).
In the frame of the Ramsar Convention, the Walloon Region supports the
management of wet zones crossed by the black stork in its migration between
Europe and Senegal.·
The French Community: bilateral and multilateral co-operation projects
Africa (various countries involved)
1993-2004: Ecofac - 'Conservation et utilisation rationnelle des ecosystems
forestiers en Afrique centrale' [the ULB is associated to this project,
executed in co-operation with the universities of Yaoundé (Cameroun),
Brazzaville (Congo) and Bangui (Central African Republic), the 'Institut de
recherché en écologie tropicale' (Gabon), the National Herbarium of
Equatorial Guinea and Sao Tomé; financing: EU-DG 8].
2001-2002: Plamenet - 'Les plantes médicinales africaines sur Internet' [ULB
in co-operation with the Universities of Monastir (Tunisia), Abomey-Calavi
(Benin), Yaoundé (Cameroun) and Bujumbura (Burundi); financing: 'Fonds
Francophone des Inforoutes'].
2001-2004: Diveac - 'Diversité végétale en Afrique centrale' [ULB and
FUSAGx in co-operation with the universities of Yaoundé (Cameroun) and Bangui
(Central African Republic) and the National Herbarium of Equatorial Guinea;
financing: 'Conseil Interuniversitaire de la Communauté française' and DGIC].
2001-2004: 'Assistance technique au Programme de conservation et utilisation
rationnelle des aires protégées contigues du Bénin, du Burkina Faso, du
Niger et de leurs zones d'influence' [ULB is associated to this project,
executed in co-operation with the universities of Benin and Niamey (Niger),
and with the 'Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique'
(Burkina Faso); financing: EU-DG 8].
1998-2002: Organisation of a third cycle on the management of natural
resources [ULB in co-operation with the 'Université d'Abomey-Calavi' (Benin);
financing: 'Coopération Universitaire Institutionnelle'].
1999-2001: Control of fires in Benin [ULB in co-operation with the 'Université
d'Abomey-Calavi' (Benin); financing: 'Commissariat Général aux Relations
Internationales de la Communauté Wallonie-Bruxelles'].
1999-2005: Study of the avifauna of the wet zones in the southern part of
Benin and of the demographical and ethological features of avian species
eligible to be domesticated (Anatidae, Galliformes) [ULg in co-operation with
the 'Université Nationale du Bénin'].
2001-2002: 'Approche juridico-politique de la gestion des déchets et de la
conservation de la biodiversité au Bénin' [IGEAT (ULB) and CEDRE (FUSL) in
co-operation with the 'Université Nationale du Bénin'; financing: 'Conseil
Interuniversitaire de la Communauté française'].
1993-2000: In situ conservation of populations of Phaseolus lunatus [FUSAGx
in co-operation with the 'Universidad de Costa Rica' and IPGRI (Italy);
2002-2005: Biocomplexity and endemic fungal resources in Cuba [FUL, ULg and
UCL in co-operation with the 'Instituto de Ecologia y Sistematica' (Cuba)].
Democratic Republic of Congo
2001-2003: The 'Cuvette Centrale' as reservoir of medicinal plants [ULB is
associated to this project, executed in co-operation with the 'Institut Pédagogique
National de Kinshasa'].
2000-2003: Use of molecular data for the management of the Galapagos giant
tortoise populations [ULB in co-operation with the Charles Darwin Research
Station, the 'Parque Nacional Galapagos' (Ecuador) and the Yale University
1997-2002: Curef - 'Conservation et utilisation rationnelle des ecosystems
forestiers de Guinée Equatoriale' [ULB is associated to this project,
executed in co-operation with the National Herbarium of Equatorial Guinea].
Europe (more general)
1999-2005: Comparative phylogeography of forest rodents; phylogeography of
specific parasites [ULg in collaboration with the universities of Montpellier
(II) and Perpignan and the 'Museu Nacional de Historia Natural' (Portugal);
financing: i.a. FNRS].
2000-2001: 'Etude structurelle et fonctionelle du benthos dominant les
communautés biotiques associées aux ecosystems coralliens' [UMH in
co-operation with the University of Tulear (Madagascar); financing: Fonds de
la Recherche Fondamentale Collective - FNRS].
1998-2002: Mariculture of Holothuroidea [UMH in co-operation with the
University of Tulear (Madagascar); financing: DGIC].
1995-2005: 'Recherche sur les facteurs explicatifs de la biodiversité des
auxiliaires (prédateurs et parasitoïdes) en vergers de pommes, en vue de
renforcer le contrôle naturel des ravageurs (acariens phytophages et psylles)'
[UCL in co-operation with 'l'Ecole Nationale d'Agriculture' (Morocco)].
Papua New Guinea
1985-ongoing: Systematics and ecology of macro-algae, marine vascular plants,
lichens and lignicolous Fungi [ULg in co-operation with the University and the
Forest Research Institute of Papua New Guinea; financing: 'Fonds de la
Recherche Fondamentale Collective' - FNRS].·
Scientific institutions - Federal level: co-operation projects
The National Botanic Garden of Belgium hosted from 1997 onwards the
secretariat of AETFAT (Association for the taxonomic study of the flora of
tropical Africa / Association pour l'étude taxonomique de la flore d'Afrique
tropicale) and organised in August-September 2000 the XVIth AETFAT congress
under the overall theme 'Plant systematics and geography for a better
understanding of African biodiversity'. A total of two hundred thirty five
participants (50% of African countries) attended. The high attendance of
African delegates was made possible through international co-operation and an
important financial input from DGIC. The congress was preceded and followed by
a series of short training courses organised by different Belgian universities
for attendants from African countries. The secretariat has recently been
transferred to Addis Ababa and gets further technical support from the former
Belgian secretariat in organising the next congress in 2003. Currently the
proceedings are prepared for publishing.
Since 1997, the National Botanic Garden of Belgium is collaborating with
CECODI (a NGO active mainly in the field of sustainable development) in a
training and research programme for the use of edible mushrooms. It concerns
both the culture of species locally known as being edible and collections in
the wild, demonstrating the economic and social value of non timber products
of dry forests. The aim of the programme is double: on the one hand the use of
'waste' products of agriculture (as a substrate for mushroom growth) and on
the other hand the sustainable use of natural resources (mainly
ectomycorrhizal Fungi). The program has a strong ethno-mycological component
and is strongly directed to the poorest families (with to limited access to
agricultural land) and the training of women. A book on the edible Fungi of
Benin, which has its value for the rest of West Africa, will be published in
2001 and is aimed to be distributed within the region at an affordable price.
The department of African Zoology of the Royal Museum for Central Africa (RMCA)
has bilateral development co-operation projects with African partners in
several countries, covering the following fields: ornithology (BirdLife -
Cameroon, MUIENR - Uganda, UNIKIS - D.R. Congo, CNDRS - Comoros, UCT - South
Africa), entomology and invertebrates (NMK - Kenya, Ivory Coast, SADC region,
BEST - D.R. Congo), ichthyology (TAFIRI - Tanzania, Fisheries Dept. - Zambia)
and mammalogy (UNIKIS - D.R. Congo). Projects have a general focus on
education capacity building (museology) and/or taxonomic expertise support for
biodiversity inventories. Specific projects on freshwater biodiversity
resources in Africa and South-East Asia involve active co-operation with
institutions in the Ivory Coast, Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Vietnam and Indonesia.
These projects are inter alia financed by DGIC, the European Union and the
World Wildlife Fund for Nature.
The Belgian CHM NFP is a partner of the EURODETS initiative, which is
currently under development. It involves several European countries (Belgium,
France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands) and is co-ordinated by the German CHM
NFP. EURODETS, or Nature Detectives on the Internet, aims to support the
awareness raising on the Convention on Biological Diversity in Europe and
Pan-Europe by combining direct field observations in nature with Internet
through visualisation of nature-based observations on maps and through
The Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences is co-operating in the
European Union Project PASCALIS (Protocols for the Assessment and Conservation
of Aquatic life in the Subsurface). Object: assessment and conservation of
groundwater biodiversity in Europe. Partners: universities and museums in
France, Spain, Italy and Slovenia. With respect to the Antarctic Treaty,
Belgium co-operates with other parties in the framework of the SCAR programme
(Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research - working group Biology). URL: www.scar.org
(see also Article 18). Ant'phipoda, another RBINS project on the
Antarctic, is a web reference centre on marine biodiversity in the Antarctic,
and is devoted to amphipod crustaceans.
The RBINS actively participates in the development of the ENBI initiative
(European Network of Biodiversity Information), which is the European Union's
contribution to GBIF. It is also a member of ENHSIN (European Natural History
Specimen Information Network) and is the co-ordinator of the European network
of museums CASTEX.
Under the GEF Pilot Phase, Belgium has co-financed a project called 'Gestion
participative des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune' in Burkina Faso/Côte
d'Ivoire on participatory management of natural resources.
(14-15) Flanders - Transboundary protected areas for which a common
management plan has been developed or is being developed: transboundary Nature
Park 'De Zoom-Kalmthoutse Heide', the Scheldt estuary area, Grensmaas (area
along the Maas river), Stamprooierbroek. At the coast there is a transboundary
management programme in relation to the 'Zwin', and in the coastal area
between Duinkerken (France) and Lombardsijde (Flanders). On the basis of a 'transboundary
ecological plan' more sites have been identified for the future development of
a common policy and management plan (Wallonia: see comments on question 13).
(16) A Belgian research project, LITUS, was developed in the frame of
IBOY-DIVERSITAS. Aim of the project is to study interactions of biodiversity,
productivity and tourism on European sandy beaches. The project, financed by
federal funds, is co-ordinated at the Marine Biology Section (Ghent