173. What is the relative priority afforded to implementation of this
Article and the associated decisions by your country?
b) Medium X
174. To what extent are the resources available adequate for meeting the
obligations and recommendations made?
b) Adequate Fl.
c) Limiting Fed. / Wa.
d) Severely limiting
Further comments on relative priority and on availability of resources
In the framework of the current Multi-annual Scientific Plan for a
Sustainable Development (SPSD-II: 2000-2004) of the OSTC, about 7.44 Mio Euro
(on 57 Mio Euro) are devoted to research on biodiversity issues, compared to
3.1 Mio Euro in the previous Plan (SPSD-I: 1996-2000).
175. Has your country established programmes for scientific and technical
education and training in measures for the identification, conservation and
sustainable use of biological diversity and its components (12a)?
b) early stages of development Br.
c) advanced stages of development Wa.
d) programmes in place Fed. / Fl.
(175) International Course on Nematology (Biology Dept., Ghent University),
Biodiversity Training Course on behalf of the United Nations University (Ghent
University), weekly seminars on biodiversity (Catholic University of
Louvain-La-Neuve), etc. Most Belgian universities have 3rd cycle environmental
management courses (equivalent of a Master's degree), including courses on the
management of (inter-)tropical areas.
176. Has your country provided support to other Parties for education and
training in measures for the identification, conservation and sustainable use
of biological diversity and its components (12a)?
b) yes X
(176) The Directorate-General for International Co-operation of the federal
Belgian Government supports the African Biodiversity Information Centre (ABIC)
at the Royal Museum for Central Africa. ABIC organises training internships
with a focus on taxonomy and biodiversity for students from developing
countries. The Royal Museum for Central Africa organised in 2000 on the RFI
Comoros a capacity-building training workshop about inventorying terrestrial
biodiversity and its eco-tourism potential.
177. Does your country promote and encourage research which contributes to
the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity (12b)?
b) yes - limited extent
c) yes - significant extent X
(177) At the federal level, the OSTC encourages research which contributes
to the conservation and sustainable management of terrestrial ecosystems
(temperate regions), of marine ecosystems (in particular the North sea) and of
Antarctic ecosystems.The main objectives are:- to better understand the links
between biological diversity, the structure and the functioning of ecosystems
and the impacts of human and environmental threats (climate change in
particular) on biodiversity;- to develop decision/management support tools for
the monitoring and assessment of biodiversity and methods for conservation,
restoration and sustainable use of biodiversity. In support of Article 12 (b)
and (c), the Belgian federal government launched a Biodiversity Platform
aiming at improving the information exchange and communication between the
scientific community, the research funding bodies, the policy-makers in the
field of environment and the land-managers, notably via the Belgian
Biodiversity Forum website, thematic workgroups and the organisation of
biodiversity-related meetings. This Platform promotes biodiversity research
and an increased use of its results for applied environment management.
(177) Wallonia - As far as scientific support is concerned, the Nature,
Forests and Wood Research Centre, which depends from the Nature and Forestry
Division, conducts or co-ordinates various studies. At the biological
diversity level, the main lines of research are:- the inventory and the
monitoring of biological diversity (Observatory of Fauna, Flora and Habitats -
OFFH); - the monitoring of aquatic organisms (Hydrobiology section); - the
monitoring of the management of protected areas (Biological research centre);
- the permanent inventory of forests that recently included parameters
relating to biological diversity; - the genetic improvement of the main forest
species grown in the Walloon Region (study of origins, selection of seeding
plantation areas, individual selection, locating and protecting plantation
areas to be conserved, etc.).The Gembloux Scientific Centre hosts the Walloon
Biodiversity server (mrw.wallonie.be/dgrne/sibw). The different universities
also play an important role in research on biological diversity conservation,
either independently (dissertations, theses, etc.) or through research
agreements with the Walloon Region. For specific missions, the Region finances
research activities of universities, institutes and naturalists'
(177) Flanders - The Flemish Institute of Nature Conservation (www.instnat.be)
is responsible for reporting on the state of nature in Flanders, including
applied ecological and hydrogeological research with a view to nature
conservation. It is also in charge of a number of inventories, the compilation
of species Red Lists and the establishment of the Biological Evaluation Map.
The Institute for Forestry and Game Management (www.ibw.vlaanderen.be) has a
similar function for forests. It is also responsible for scientific research
on fish stock and their management. The Flemish Impulse Programme Nature
Development (VLINA) was started in 1996 as a means to stimulate research on
nature conservation in Flanders. Biological diversity indicators are one of
the five themes treated within the scope of the programme, with indicators of
forest biological diversity being the first ascribed research assignment. The
Flemish Environmental Agency (www.vmm.be) is a para-governmental institution
complementary to the environmental administration. One of the tasks of the VMM
is to establish and run the monitoring programme on surface water quality.
178. Does your country promote and co-operate in the use of scientific
advances in biological diversity research in developing methods for
conservation and sustainable use of biological resources (12c)?
b) yes - limited extent X
c) yes - significant extent Fl.
(178 b) General research in Flanders.
(178 c) Policy relevant research in Flanders.
If a developed country Party -
179. Does your country's implementation of the above activities take into
account the special needs of developing countries?
b) yes, where relevant X