Glossary of terms related to the CBD


the Conference of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies normally permit accredited observers to attend their meetings. Observers include the United Nations and its specialised agencies, non-Party states, representatives of other conventions, and other qualified governmental and non-governmental organisations.
low in nutrients and in primary production.
life cycle of a single organism; biological development of the individual.
opportunity cost
the value of the best alternative use of a resource. This consists of the maximum value of other outputs we could and would have produced had we not used the resource to produce the item in question. [GBA]
option value
the potential value of the resource for future (direct or indirect) use.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
comprises (1999) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the UK and the USA. [CUB]
orthodox seed
seed that can be dried and stored for long periods at reduced temperatures and under low humidity. [CUB]
over-expression host
an organism that produces more of the desired enzyme or compound than normal. [CUB]

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